This course is offered in January & February 2023

Date & Time:

This class meets on Saturday afternoons from 4:00-6:00pm beginning on Saturday 28 January 2023 (NZ time). There are 4 consecutive weekly sessions with the final class held on Saturday 18 February 2023 (NZ time). Please see below for the time-zone equivalents in other parts of the world). In North America these are live-streamed via Zoom on Friday evenings.

Time Zone equivalents:

for live-streaming Zoom Sessions from New Zealand. If your nearest Time Zone doesn't suit our live-streamed class, you can also access our courses by watching the live-recorded sessions that are posted to the course webpage each week, usually the next day.

  • Honolulu, Hawai’i: begins Fri 27 Jan 2023, 5:00-7:00pm

  • US Pacific: begins Fri 27 Jan 2023, 7:00-9:00pm

  • US Eastern: begins begins Fri 27 Jan 2023, 10:00pm-12:00am

  • London, UK: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 3:00-5:00am

  • Paris, France: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 4:00-6:00am

  • New Delhi, India: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 8:30-10:30am

  • Bangkok, Thailand: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 10:00am-12:00pm

  • Singapore & Shanghai: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 11:00am-1:00pm

  • Tokyo, Japan: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 12:00-2:00pm

  • Sydney, Australia: begins Sat 28 Jan 2023, 2:00-4:00pm


This course is available as both a live in-person course based in Hamilton, New Zealand, and can be live-streamed via Zoom to anywhere in the world with internet access.

What is anime? It is a global phenomenon and a source of Japanese national pride.  It is also a pastime for countless people around the world. In essence, it is simply an art of moving pictures. In this course, we will explore the deeper origins of how pictures in Japanese visual art evolved into the modern form of anime and how this has influenced the national psyche. Initially we will look at the early history of graphic representations of life embodied in classical literature such as illustrated scrolls. We will then turn to later forms of illustration that entailed intricate and humorous depictions of scenes for novels and newspapers. In the following session we will review how the earliest forms of animated film in Japan interacted with the global influence of Walt Disney’s characters. The ensuing section will examine the evolution of anime following the end of world war two, where Japanese animators sought to retain a distinctive artistic style through the medium of television. This entails a focus on Tezuka Osamu who is regarded as the ‘god’ of anime. Finally we will explore the vast treasure chest of genres of Japanese anime that have emerged since then – sci-fi, comedy, sports, robots, horror and  commentary on everyday life. Please note that this course is offered as an in-person course in our Hamilton, New Zealand classrooms and also live-streamed via Zoom. If live-streaming, you can also interact with the rest of the class and the teacher. If the time zones don't work out for you, you can also choose to watch the video recordings of the live sessions, which are usually available 1-2 days after each session (which allows time for our video editors to edit and post each session to the course web page).

What is Japanese Anime?

Week 1: Sat 28 Jan 2023 (NZ time)

This session covers the historical background of anime (beginning in the 12th century), how it was born and where it came from.

The Development of Japanese Anime

Week 2: Sat 4 Feb 2023 (NZ time)

This week we discuss the emergence of Anime from early wood-prints through picture books in the 18th and 19th centuries to the picture-card theatre in the early 20th century. We also examine the influence of Disney films.

Tezuka Osamu

Week 3: Sat 11 Feb 2023 (NZ time)

This week we look at the life and influence of Tezuka Osamu, considered by many as “The God of Manga” (マンガの神様, Manga no Kami-sama).

Anime: A Maze of Genres

Session 4: Sat 18 Feb 2023

In our final session, we'll look at how anime became a world-wide phenomenon and we'll discuss its driving force.

Meet our Instructor

Japanese Instructor Yurika Arai, M Phil English and M Professional Studies

Yurika comes from Japan and has been living in Hamilton for over 30 years. She taught Japanese at the University of Waikato for 15 years and currently works as an early childhood education teacher and a freelance translator.

Course curriculum

    1. EarthDiverse Course Information

    2. EarthDiverse Zoom instructions

    1. 20230128 T1.1 Japanese Anime video

    1. 20230204 T1.2 Japanese Anime video

    1. 20230211 T1.3 Japanese Anime video

    1. 20230218 T1.4 Japanese Anime video

    2. 20230218 T1.4 Japanese Anime.pdf

Additional course info:

  • Video and PDF content of class presentations or whiteboards notes are uploaded weekly after each live session
  • Begins on Sat 21 Jan 2023
  • NZ time: Saturdays 4:00-6:00pm


The EarthDiverse Centre is located at 401 Anglesea Street, Hamilton, New Zealand. This course is also available online from anywhere in the world with Internet access via Zoom.

We're located just a couple of shops north of the Hamilton Central Bus Station on the same side of the Street. We're located on the first floor, above Copier Word. Our Entrance is on the left side of the building. Those looking for parking for our evening classes can park just in front of the building in any of the available car parks. Daytime parking can be found in our dedicated car parks, or free 2-hour on-street daytime parking can be found just in front of Anglesea Street.


This course has distance-learning options for those unable to attend the live class sessions in Hamilton. Students have three options for attending our courses once they have registered: attend in-person classes in our Hamilton classrooms at the regularly scheduled day and time, attend our live on-line classroom sessions via Zoom at the regular scheduled day and time, watch the live-recorded class sessions at your leisure, at a time, day and place more suited to your schedule. These options can be mixed and matched throughout the course to suit your own availability and location.

Distance-Learning option:

  • In addition to our in-person classes in Hamilton, our courses offer distance learning options for those unable to attend classes in-person. Live-streamed Hamilton classes are available via free Zoom software for those living outside the Waikato. Live-streaming allows you to participate fully in your own learning, ask questions of the instructor and participate fully in the same way as if you were in the physical classroom.

  • Those unable to attend the scheduled date and time of the actual class sessions, or those who need to miss a class or two due to previous engagements or unexpected illness, can watch any or all of the live-recorded video sessions on their computers, laptops, tablets or mobile devices and study at their own pace and in their own time.

  • Detailed instructions on how to access our distance learning components will be sent after completing your registration. There are no additional fees for this service. However, distance learners will need access to a desktop or laptop computer with a good quality web-camera (tablet devices and mobile phones can also access our live-streamed classes), a built-in microphone (most modern laptops have built-in microphones) or a headset with a microphone. You will also need to download and install the free Zoom software on your computer or device. Those accessing the video recordings will be able to do so with a simple web browser on any device.

Pricing options:

All prices in New Zealand dollars and includes GST. Unwaged includes students, seniors and retirees.


This course has no assignments, required readings, quizzes, tests or exams. All classes encourage questions and group discussion. There are no refunds for missed classes. Guests of registered participants are welcome to attend a single class at no charge.

Prerequisites :

There are no prerequisites for this course